"Research Note — A Japanese Curriculum of 757." A research note by Ross Bender and Zhao Lu


In an edict (choku) of 757, the Empress Kōken ordered a curriculum for the students at the National Academy. It listed seven fields of study and the Chinese works to be studied in each field. These include well-known classics and some that are much more obscure. This list provides perhaps the most detailed view available of the official curriculum of study in mid-Nara Japan.


Bender, Ross and Zhao Lu, “Research Note — A Japanese Curriculum of 757.” PMJS Papers (pmjs.org), November 2010.

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